Thursday, February 10, 2011

Learning motor skills

What are the requirements for learning a motor skill?
                       There are six requirements to remember when teaching or learning a motor skill. First prerequisites. Prerequisites for motor skills often involve already having mastered some easier related skills. Also can involve having the physical abilities to do that skill. Next requirement is a clear idea of the task. Students perform to their cognitive understanding of how to perform a task. If the task is not clear to the students the outcome will not be what the teacher would like. The third requirement is implication for the teacher. Make sure the students have an accurate motor program from your communication. this means to make sure when you apply the motor skill to the students they correctly understand you. Next is the Motivational/ attentional disposition to the skill requirement. This involves the implication for the teacher, which eliminate repetitive drills, design tasks the capture students attention, and require the students to process what they are doing. Then comes the practice requirement. Practice is necessary for the students to use the information on how to do the skill and develop consistency of performance. The last requirement is feedback. Teachers can help students utilize feedback on knowledge of results and performance. Proper feedback can help the students realize what is wrong and fix it to better their performance.
What do each of these requirements mean for the teacher of motor skill?
                         They must be alert of the idea of what people need to learn to learn the skill. They must know these requirements. Even though they may same easy and not needed to review they must be hit in each lesson and are need for a motor skill.
What is the difference between the way close skills, open skills, discrete skills, and serial skills should be taught?
                         Closed skill is when the environment remains stable. The teacher will not want to practice a closed skill in variable environments. For example a foul shot in basketball is a closed skill. Because the distance of the basket is always the same.
Open skill is changing events in the environment. A teacher will not want to practice a open skill in a stable situation or environment. For example shooting a soccer ball would be a open skill, because the distance and variables are always changing.             
Discrete skill when having a clear beginning and ending. This should always be taught before serial skills. An example of a discrete skill is a 40 yard sprint.
Serial Skills are discrete skills put together in a series. A teacher should teach this after teaching the discrete skills that make up the serial skill they want to teach. An example of a serial skill is fielding a softball.

1 comment:

  1. Couldnt agree more with that, very attractive article